Electronic cigarette - Quick users guide
Electronic cigarette batteries are usually recommended to be charged before the first use for about 10 hours so that the battery reaches it's full capacity. This can be done but it is not necessary for this type of battery. Normal charge usually takes about 2-4 hours, charger light will turn green when the battery is fully charged. Leaving the battery on the charger after this is not recommended. Please note that different manufacturers may have chargers using a different technology so always read the instruction manual before using and follow it. Lithium-ion batteries used in electronic cigarettes can be charged about 300 times before they start to lose their capacity. Batteries should be stored almost fully charged if they are not used for a long period of time, empty batteries should never be left unused for long periods of time. Although the charger and batteries have safety features, the charge should always be carried out with supervision and away from flammable objects.
After charging the batteries, you are ready to use your e-cigarette. Assembling the device is usually done in the same way with every model. Atomizer and the battery are screwed together, protective cap is removed from the cartridge after which it is attached to the atomizer. If you are using pre-filled cartridge the electronic cigarette is now ready for use.
Most of the e-cigarette models work automatically, ie when you suck from the mouthpiece the atomizer is activated and begins to heat the e-liquid drawn from the cartridge. E-liquid is then vaporized and can be inhaled. An Electronic cigarette does not need to be switched on, it is always in a standby mode when the battery is attached. Apart from this, the use is very similar to a normal cigarette with a few little tricks you might want to try. If you feel that you do not get enough vapor, you could try a quick primer puff before the actual inhalation. During this quick about half-second draw you can hear how the atomizer begins to work and now you can take the actual puff. If you are / were a smoker, you need to take longer and calmer puffs from an e-cigarette in order to get a good amount of vapor. You can also take drags directly into your lungs like you would with a hookah for example. However, this is only possible with models which have a light draw. Depending on the model you may notice that after a specific length of drag (5 to 10 sec.) the device automatically shuts down. This is a safety feature to prevent the atomizer overheating. Never blow in to an e-cigarette. This may push e-liquid to the battery and damage it.
You can also get a manually operated electronic cigarette. This is basically a button on the side of the e-cigarette which controls the atomizer. You don't need to do primer-puffs with manual e-cigarettes. Start pressing the switch shortly before the drag and stop shortly before ending the drag. I think that a manual e-cigarette produces better results in terms of vapor and throat hit but it's also a matter of personal preference which one you like more. Also be careful not to press the button for too long and as often because the atomizer can be easily overheated with this switch type. A good maximum drag is about 5 to 7 seconds after which you should take quick break. If the atomizer heats up significantly, take a longer break.
Getting a good throat hit depends on several factors. Poor battery immediately affects the amount of vapor and throat hit. Amount of nicotine in the e-liquid also makes the throat hit stronger. Higher concentration of nicotine feels "rough" in the throat and you feel a stronger "hit" at the back of your throat. Different e-liquids and the device you are using also affect the outcome.
Refilling electronic cigarette cartridges and direct dripping
Electronic cigarette cartridges are almost always functionally identical. At the other end there is a mouthpiece from which the vapor is drawn and on the other end, there is a liquid container which is filled with polyester fiber. From the picture (of a penstyle cartridge) you can also see an air intake duct on the side of the e-liquid container. Refilling is easy, just put a few drops of liquid into the filling and wait for its absorption. You can continue for as long as the filling absorbs liquid. If you fill too much and notice that the liquid on top will no longer be absorbed, tap the top with a paper towel or suck the excess liquid back into the measuring pipette if you are using one. It might be a good idea to also add a drop of liquid directly onto the atomizer so that it does not start to heat up before absorbing any liquid. Cartridge is installed so that the whole liquid container goes inside the atomizer after which it is ready for use. You can refill a used cartridge or buy empty cartridges.
Here you'll see how much each size cartridge can hold liquid. (source: http://www.e-cigarette-forum.com)
Direct dripping is a technique in which the e-liquid is added directly into the atomizer. Normally, e-liquid is drawn slowly from the cartridge to the atomizer. When using this technique, you can remove the e-liquid container from the mouthpiece and just use the mouthpiece or you can use a dummy cartridge attached in your atomizer when you first received it. When looking inside the atomizer you'll notice a curved steel wool. Aim at this and add 2 to 4 drops of e-liquid (amount depends on the size of the atomizer). Wait a moment for the e-liquid to absorb, attach the mouthpiece and you can start using it. This technique produces a lot of intense vapor quickly but the small amount of e-liquid you can add to the atomizer won't last for long. It is said that this method would reduce atomizer lifespan. However, some sellers even advise using this technique, while others do not recommend or require that you only use their own brand of e-liquid. I, Myself have not noticed any harm done to my atomizers even though I drip all the time.
Direct dripping can be done best into a closed model atomizer, ie the heating element is inside the atomizer. Most of the e-cigarettes have this type of atomizer but if you notice that in your model the heating element is exposed, be cautious and use only small amounts of e-liquid to avoid excess fluid leakage. Below you can see the closed- (on the right) and exposed-type (on the left) atomizers.
Be really careful not to use too much liquid. In the worst case, e-liquid could leak to the battery and destroy it. You could also end up with e-liquid leaking into your mouth which is obviously not good, or good tasting thing, especially if you use a high nicotine content of e-liquid.
Electronic cigarette cleaning and maintenance
Outer surface of the electronic cigarette can be cleaned with a damp cloth or a microfiber cloth. Connectors should be cleaned with cleaning alcohol or a some sort of electronics cleaner. Connectors really should be cleaned regularly as grit or other dirt quickly grind the threads.
Atomizer cleaning is not necessary and I don't even recommend it. You could blow the atomizer dry from time to time by blowing to the connector end until no liquid comes out. You can use this method before storing the atomizer or if you want to remove a flavor when changing from a e-liquid to another.
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